Skip to content
more

Acronyms and Glossary

AAA

Australian Alpaca Association Inc.

AAHC

Australian Animal Health Council

AAHL

Australian Animal Health Laboratory, CSIRO

AAPSP

Australian Animal Pathology Standards Program

AAVet

Australian Government Accredited Veterinarian

AAWS

Australian Animal Welfare Strategy

ABARES

Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics and Sciences

ABC Scheme

Assurance Based Credit Scheme

AB-CRC

Australian Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases – a defunct organisation that closed in 2006

ABLV

Australian bat lyssavirus

ABS

Australian Bureau of Statistics

ACIAR

Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research

ACMF

Australian Chicken Meat Federation Inc.

ACVO

Australian Chief Veterinary Officer – The nominated senior veterinarian in the Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources who manages international animal health commitments and the Australian Government’s response to an animal disease outbreak.

ADF

Australian Dairy Farmers Ltd.

ADMA

Australian Duck Meat Association Ltd

AECL

Australian Egg Corporation Ltd.

AGID

Agar Gel Immuno-Diffusion Test

AGM

Annual General Meeting

AHA

Animal Health Australia

AHC

Animal Health Committee – A committee comprising the CVOs of Australia and New Zealand, Australian state and territory CVOs, Animal Health Australia, Wildlife Health Australia and a CSIRO representative. The committee provides advice to the National Biosecurity Committee on animal health matters, focusing on technical issues and regulatory policy.

AHiA

Animal Health in Australia (report)

AHIC

Australian Horse Industry Council Inc.

AHSQ

Animal Health Surveillance Quarterly

AI

Avian influenza

AIIMS

Australian Inter-service Incident Management System – A management system for any emergency published by Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council (AFAC). 4th Edition 2013.

ALEC

Australian Live Exporters Corporation

ALFA

Australian Lot Feeders’ Association

AMIC

Australian Meat Industry Council

AMPC

Australian Meat Processors’ Corporation

AMR

Antimicrobial resistance

Animal products

Meat, meat products and other products of animal origin (e.g. eggs, milk) for human consumption or for use in animal feedstuff.

ANQAP

Australian National Quality Assurance Program

ANZSDP

Australian New Zealand Standard Diagnostic Procedure

APAV

Accreditation Program for Australian Veterinarians

APL

Australian Pork Ltd.

APIQ

Australian Pork Industry Quality Assurance Program

Approved processing facility (APF)

An APF is an abattoir, knackery, milk processing plant or other such facility that maintains increased biosecurity standards. Such a facility could have animals or animal products introduced from lower risk premises under a permit for processing to an approved standard.

APVMA

Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority

AQUAPLAN

Australia’s National Strategic Plan for Aquatic Animal Health

ARA

Australian Renderers’ Association

ARB

Australian Racing Board Ltd.

ARFB

Australian Ruminant Feed Ban

ASIC

Australian Securities and Investment Commission

ATO

Australian Taxation Office

At risk premises (ARP)

An ARP is a premises in an RA that contains a live susceptible animal(s) but is not considered at the time of classification to be an IP, DCP, DCPF, SP or TP.

AUSVETPLAN

Australian Veterinary Emergency Plan – A series of technical response plans that describe the proposed Australian approach to an emergency animal disease incident. The documents provide guidance based on sound analysis, linking policy, strategies, implementation, coordination and emergency-management plans.

AVA

Australian Veterinary Association

AVR

Australian Veterinary Reserve

AWI

Australian Wool Innovation

BIMS

Biosecurity Incident Management System (published Oct 2012)

BIP

Biological Imports Program – DAWR’s Biological Imports Program administers Australian biosecurity conditions for the importation of biological products. These include animal or microbial derived products such as foods, therapeutics, laboratory materials, and vaccines.

BJD

Bovine Johne’s disease

BSE

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

BVD

By-product Vendor Declaration

CCA

Cattle Council of Australia Inc.

CCEAD

Consultative Committee on Emergency Animal Diseases – A committee of state and territory CVOs, representatives of CSIRO Livestock Industries and the relevant industries, and chaired by the ACVO. CCEAD convenes and consults when there is an animal disease emergency due to the introduction of an emergency animal disease of livestock, or other serious epizootic of Australian origin.

CDCF

Cattle Disease Contingency Fund Trust

CDNA

Communicable Diseases Network Australia (www.health.gov.au/cdna)

CEO

Chief Executive Officer

CIE

Centre for International Economics (www.thecie.com.au/ )

CJD

Creutzfeldt Jakob disease

CNS

Central nervous system

Codex

Codex Alimentarius Commission

Compensation

The sum of money paid by government to an owner for stock that are destroyed and property that is compulsorily destroyed because of an emergency animal disease. See also Cost-sharing arrangements, Emergency Animal Disease Response Agreement

Control area (CA)

A CA is a legally declared area where the disease controls, including surveillance and movement controls, applied are of lesser intensity than those in an RA (the limits of a CA and the conditions applying to it can be varied during an incident according to need).

Cost-sharing arrangements

Arrangements agreed between governments (national and states/territories) and livestock industries for sharing the costs of emergency animal disease responses. See also Compensation, Emergency Animal Disease Response Agreement

CRC

Co-operative Research Centre

CSIRO

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation

CVD

Commodity Vendor Declaration

CVO

Chief Veterinary Officer – The senior veterinarian of the animal health authority in each jurisdiction (national, state or territory) who has responsibility for animal disease control in that jurisdiction

DA

Dairy Australia

DAWR

Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources

DAFWA

Department Agriculture & Food, Western Australia

Dangerous contact animal

A susceptible animal that has been designated as being exposed to other infected animals or potentially infectious products following tracing and epidemiological investigation.

Dangerous contact premises (DCP)

A DCP is a premises, apart from an abattoir, knackery or milk processing plant or other such facility, that, after investigation and based on a risk assessment, is considered to contain a susceptible animal(s) not showing clinical signs, but considered highly likely to contain an infected animal(s) and/or contaminated animal products, wastes or things that present an unacceptable risk to the response if the risk is not addressed, and that therefore requires action to address the risk.

Dangerous contact processing facility (DCPF)

A DCPF is an abattoir, knackery, milk processing plant or other such facility that, based on a risk assessment, appears highly likely to have received infected animals, or contaminated animal products, wastes or things, and that requires action to address the risk.

DEDJTR

Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport & Resources – the Victorian government agency responsible for livestock health and welfare.

Declared area

A defined tract of land that is subjected to disease control restrictions under emergency animal disease legislation. Types of declared areas include restricted area, control area, infected premises, dangerous contact premises and suspect premises.

Decontamination

Includes all stages of cleaning and disinfection.

Depopulation

The removal of a host population from a particular area to control or prevent the spread of disease.

Destroy (animals)

To slaughter animals humanely.

Disease agent

A general term for a transmissible organism or other factor that causes an infectious disease.

Disease Watch Hotline

24-hour free call service for reporting suspected incidences of exotic diseases — 1800 675 888

Disinfectant

A chemical used to destroy disease agents outside a living animal.

Disinfection

The application, after thorough cleaning, of procedures intended to destroy the infectious or parasitic agents of animal diseases, including zoonosis’; applies to premises, vehicles and different objects that may have been directly or indirectly contaminated.

Disposal

Sanitary removal of animal carcases, animal products, materials and wastes by burial, burning or some other process so as to prevent the spread of disease.

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic Acid

DPIPWE

Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (Tasmania) – the Tasmanian government agency responsible for livestock health and welfare.

DVO

District Veterinary Officer

EAD

Emergency Animal Disease – A disease that is (a) exotic to Australia or (b) a variant of an endemic disease or (c) a serious infectious disease of unknown or uncertain cause or (d) a severe outbreak of a known endemic disease, and that is considered to be of national significance with serious social or trade implications. See also Endemic animal disease, Exotic animal disease

EADRA

Government and Livestock Industry Cost Sharing Deed in respect of emergency animal diseases (Emergency Animal Disease Response Agreement) – Agreement between the Australian and state/territory governments and livestock industries on the management of emergency animal disease responses. Provisions include funding mechanisms, the use of appropriately trained personnel and existing standards such as AUSVETPLAN. See also Compensation, Cost-sharing arrangements

EADRP

Emergency Animal Disease Response Plan

ELISA

Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay

Emergency response phase

This is the period from agreement by the NMG (on advice from the CCEAD) on an EADRP until the NMG determines (on advice from the CCEAD) that the EAD has been contained or eradicated or cannot be eradicated or contained. This is the period during which the EADRP is performed.

Endemic animal disease

A disease affecting animals (which may include humans) that is known to already occur in a country. See also Emergency animal disease, Exotic animal disease

Epidemiological investigation

An investigation to identify and qualify the risk factors associated with the disease. See also Veterinary investigation

EU

European Union

EC

European Commission

Exotic fauna/feral animals

See Wild animals

FAO

Food & Agriculture Organisation

FCP

Forward Command Post

FMD

Foot-and-mouth disease

FNF

Financial & Non-Financial Assistance Package

Fomites

Inanimate objects (e.g. boots, clothing, equipment, instruments, vehicles, crates, packaging) that can carry an infectious disease agent and may spread the disease through mechanical transmission.

FRDC

Fisheries Research and Development Corporation

FSANZ

Food Standards Australia New Zealand

FTE

Full time equivalent

FVO

Field Veterinary Officer – Veterinary officer with responsibility for activities within individual districts of a region.

FVO

Food & Veterinary Office- part of EU

GBR

Geographical BSE risk

GICA

Goat Industry Council of Australia Inc.

GMP

Good manufacturing practice

GST

Goods and services tax

GVP

Gross Value of Production

HRA

Harness Racing Australia

HPAI

Highly pathogenic avian influenza

IGAB

Intergovernmental Agreement on Biosecurity – an agreement between the Commonwealth, state and territory governments (with the exception of Tasmania) that came into effect in January 2012. See http://www.coag.gov.au/content/intergovernmental-agreement-biosecurity and http://www.daff.gov.au/animal-plant-health/pihc/intergovernmental-agreement-on-biosecurity

IAQSS

Imported Animal Quarantine and Surveillance Scheme

Incident action plan

A daily written plan against which situation reports are prepared by the LCC controller.

In-contact animals

Animals that have had close contact with infected animals, such as non-infected animals in the same group as infected animals.

Incubation period

The period that elapses between the introduction of the pathogen into the animal and the first clinical signs of the disease.

Index case

The first or original case of the disease to be diagnosed in a disease outbreak on the index property.

Index property

The property on which the first or original case (index case) in a disease outbreak is found to have occurred.

Infected premises (IP)

A defined area (which may be all or part of a property) in which an emergency disease exists, is believed to exist, or in which the infective agent of that emergency disease exists or is believed to exist. An infected premises is subject to quarantine served by notice and to eradication or control procedures.

Incident definition phase

This is the investigation period following formal notification to the CCEAD, as defined in clause 5.1 of the EADRA, of an incident.

Infected Premises (IP)

An IP is a defined area (which may be all or part of a property) on which animals meeting the case definition are or were present, or the causative agent of the EAD is present, or there is a reasonable suspicion that either is present, and that the relevant CVO or their delegate has declared to be an IP.

IT

Information technology

JD

Johne’s disease

JDMAP

Johne’s disease Market Assurance Program

JETACAR

Joint Expert Technical Advisory Committee on Antibiotic Resistance

Job card

A written list of tasks to be carried out by an individual or group as part of an emergency response.

LBN

Livestock Biosecurity Network

LDC

Last Dangerous Contact

LCC

Local Control Centre – An emergency operations centre responsible for the command and control of field operations in a defined area.

Lead agency

The agency that controls the disease control operation, having special expertise and legal responsibility in that particular type of emergency. Also called lead combat agency.

LEADDR

Laboratories for Emergency Animal Disease Diagnosis and Response

LITTIT

Livestock Tracing & Implementation Taskforce

LLS

Local Land Services

Logistics

The acquisition and management of resources.

LPA

Livestock Production Assurance

M ptb

Mycobacterium Para tuberculosis

MAP

Market Assurance Program (Australian Johne’s Disease)

MAP RG

Market Assurance Program Reference Group

MBM

Meat and bone meal

MDC

MLA Donor Company

MLA

Meat & Livestock Australia

MN

Monitored Negative flock/herd/property

MN1,2,3

Monitored Negative in a numbered series

Monitoring

Routine collection of data for assessing the health status of a population. See also Surveillance

MOU

Memorandum of Understanding

Movement control

Restrictions placed on the movement of animals, people and other things to prevent the spread of disease.

NA

Not assessed herd/flock/property

NABRDES

National Animal Biosecurity RD&E Strategy

NAHIS

National Animal Health Information System

NAHLS

National Animal Health Laboratory Strategy

NAHTSC

National Animal Health Training Steering Committee

NAMP

National Arbovirus Monitoring Program

NAQS

Northern Australian Quarantine Strategy

Native wildlife

See Wild animals

NBC

National Biosecurity Committee

NBJDSC

National BJD Steering Committee

NBJDSP

National BJD Strategic Plan

NCG

National Consultative Group

ND

Newcastle disease

NFAS

National Feedlot Accreditation Scheme

NGO

Non-government organisation

NGSP

National Granuloma Submission Program

NGV

Non-government vets

NJDCP

National Johne’s Disease Control Program

NLIS

National Livestock Identification System

NMG

National Management Group – A group established to direct and coordinate an animal disease emergency. NMGs may include the chief executive officers of the Australian Government and state or territory governments where the emergency occurs, industry representatives, the Australian CVO (and chief medical officer, if applicable) and the chairman of Animal Health Australia.

Notifiable disease

A disease which, if detected, is required to be notified to the CVO (Chief Veterinary Officer) of the relevant jurisdiction

NRS

National Residue Survey

NT

Northern Territory – the NT government agency responsible for livestock health and welfare.

NTC

National Technical Committee

NTSESP

National Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies Surveillance Program

NVD

National Vendor Declaration

OIE

World Organisation for Animal Health

OIE Terrestrial Code

OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code, current edition is published on the internet at: www.oie.int/eng/normes/mcode/a_summry.htm

OIE Terrestrial Manual

OIE Manual of Standards for Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals. Describes standards for laboratory diagnostic tests and the production and control of biological products (principally vaccines). The current edition is published on the internet at: www.oie.int/eng/normes/mmanual/a_summry.htm

OJD

Ovine Johne’s disease

Operational procedures

Detailed instructions for carrying out specific disease control activities, such as disposal, destruction, decontamination and valuation.

Outside area (OA)

The OA is the area of Australia outside the declared (control and restricted) areas.

Owner

Person responsible for a premises (includes an agent of the owner, such as a manager or other controlling officer).

PC

Physical Containment (Laboratory levels e.g. 2,3 and 4)

PCR

Polymerase Chain Reaction

PFC

Pooled Faecal Culture

PHA

Plant Health Australia

PIC

Property Identification Code

PIRSA

Primary Industries and Resources SA – the South Australian government agency responsible for livestock health and welfare.

PMWS

Post-weaning Multi-systemic Wasting Syndrome

Premises

A tract of land including its buildings, or a separate farm or facility that is maintained by a single set of services and personnel.

Premises of relevance (POR)

A POR is a premises in a CA that contains a live susceptible animal(s) but is not considered at the time of classification to be an IP, SP, TP, DCP or DCPF.

Prevalence

The proportion (or percentage) of animals in a particular population affected by a particular disease (or infection or positive antibody titre) at a given point in time.

Proof of freedom phase

This is the period following determination by the NMG that the EAD has been contained or eradicated. This period may include research and/or surveillance activities and will end when the NMG determines (on advice from the CCEAD or OIE) that the EADRP has been successful.

PrP

Prion protein

QA

Quality Assurance

Quarantine

Legal restrictions imposed on a place or a tract of land by the serving of a notice limiting access or egress of specified animals, persons or things.

QDAF

Queensland Department of Agriculture and Forestry – the Queensland government agency responsible for livestock health and welfare.

R&D

Research and development

R&I

Research and innovation

RA

Restricted area – An RA is a relatively small legally declared area around infected premises (IPs) and dangerous contact premises (DCPs) that is subject disease controls, including intense surveillance and movement controls.

RAM

Restricted Animal Material

REA

Restriction Endonuclease Analysis

Rehabilitation

Process of adjustment to circumstances prevailing in the aftermath of an emergency disease outbreak.

Resolved premises (RP)

An RP is an IP, DCP or DCPF that has completed the required control measures and is subject to the procedures and restrictions appropriate to the area in which it is located.

RFB

Ruminant Feed Ban

RIRDC

Rural Industry Research Development corporation

Risk enterprise

A defined livestock or related enterprise, which is potentially a major source of infection for many other premises. Includes intensive piggeries, feedlots, abattoirs, knackeries, saleyards, calf scales, milk factories, tanneries, skin sheds, game meat establishments, cold stores, AI centres, veterinary laboratories and hospitals, road and rail freight depots, showgrounds, field days, weighbridges, garbage depots.

RRT

Rapid Response Team

RTO

Registered training organisation

SAF

Scrapie associated fibrils

SAFEMEAT

Government/industry committee on food safety

SARS

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

SCA

Sheepmeat Council of Australia

SCC

State Coordination Centre. The emergency operations centre that directs the disease control operations to be undertaken in that state or territory.

SDRs

Standard Definition & Rules

Sensitivity

The proportion of affected individuals in the tested population that are correctly identified as positive by a diagnostic test (true positive rate). See also Specificity

Sentinel animal

Animal of known health status that is monitored to detect the presence of a specific disease agent.

Serotype

A subgroup of microorganisms identified by the antigens carried (as determined by a serology test).

SFMCA

Stock Feed Manufacturers’ Council of Australia

SGM

Special General Meeting

SIT

Sterile insect technology

SMEAC

standard briefing format used in the military, by emergency services organisations and frequently used during EAD responses.

1  Situation – as it is at that time (what has happened, what has been done)

2  Mission – objectives as appropriate for the level of briefing

3  Execution – how the objectives are to be achieved (who goes where and does what)

4  Administration and logistics – the support actions to the execution

5  Command and communications – who is in charge where and the communication links

SOP

Standard Operating Procedure

Specificity

The proportion of non-affected individuals in the tested population that are correctly identified as negative by a diagnostic test (true negative rate). See also Sensitivity

SPF

Specific Pathogen Free

SPS

Sanitary Phytosanitary

Stamping out

Disease eradication strategy based on the quarantine and slaughter of all susceptible animals that are infected or exposed to the disease.

Standby

Forewarning of staff that activation may be imminent, to ensure that they are ready.

SFMCA

Stock Feed Manufacturers Council of Australia

Suspect premises (SP)

SP is a temporary classification of a premises that contains a susceptible animal(s) not known to have been exposed to the disease agent but showing clinical signs similar to the case definition, and that therefore requires investigation(s).

Support agency

An agency having a defined role to assist the lead agency to give effect to animal disease emergency-management plans.

Surveillance

A systematic program of investigation designed to establish the presence, extent of, or absence of a disease, or of infection or contamination with the causative organism. It includes the examination of animals for clinical signs, antibodies or the causative organism.

Survey

A program of investigation designed to establish the presence, extent of, or absence of disease

Susceptible animals

Animals that can be infected by a particular pathogen

Suspect animal

An animal that may have been exposed to an emergency disease such that its quarantine and intensive surveillance, but not pre-emptive slaughter, is warranted. or An animal not known to have been exposed to a disease agent but showing clinical signs requiring differential diagnosis.

Suspect premises (SP)

Temporary classification of premises containing suspect animals. After rapid resolution of the status of the suspect animal(s) contained on it, a suspect premises is reclassified either as an infected premises (and appropriate disease-control measures taken) or as free from disease.

SVO

Senior Veterinary Officer – A government veterinary officer with regional or state-wide responsibilities for emergency disease management.

SWF

Screw-worm fly

TB

Tuberculosis bacillus

Temporary veterinary officer

A non‑government veterinarian employed by the combat agency to conduct a role specified in the Control Centres Management Manual.

TFAP

Tuberculosis Freedom Assurance Program

TFAP2

Tuberculosis Freedom Assurance Program 2

TMS

Tested to MAP Standard

TOR

Terms of reference

Trace premises (TP)

TP is a temporary classification of a premises that contains a susceptible animal(s) that tracing indicates may have been exposed to the disease agent, or contains contaminated animal products, wastes or things, and that requires investigation(s).

Tracing

The process of locating animals, persons or other items that may be implicated in the spread of disease, so that appropriate action can be taken.

TRG

Technical Review Group (AUSVETPLAN)

TSE

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy

TSEFAP

Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies Freedom Assurance Program

TWG

Technical Working Group

Unknown premises status (UP)

A UP is a premises within a declared area where the current presence of susceptible animals and/or risk products, wastes or things is unknown.

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

Vaccination

Inoculation of healthy individuals with weakened or attenuated strains of disease-causing agents to provide protection from disease.

Vaccine

Modified strains of disease-causing agents that, when inoculated, stimulate an immune response and provide protection from disease.

vCJD

variant Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

VEAG

(FMD) Vaccine Expert Advisory Group

Vector

A living organism (frequently an arthropod) that transmits an infectious agent from one host to another. A biological vector is one in which the infectious agent must develop or multiply before becoming infective to a recipient host. A mechanical vector is one that transmits an infectious agent from one host to another but is not essential to the life cycle of the agent.

Veterinary investigation

An investigation of the diagnosis, pathology and epidemiology of the disease. See also Epidemiological investigation

WEIT

Wildlife Emergency Investigation Team

WHA

Wildlife Health Australia

WHO

World Health Organisation

Wild animals

– native wildlife

– feral animals

– exotic fauna

 

Animals that are indigenous to Australia and may be susceptible to emergency animal diseases (e.g. bats, dingoes, marsupials).

 

Domestic animals that have become wild (eg cats, horses, pigs) or are the offspring of such animals.

 

Non domestic animal species that are not indigenous to Australia (e.g. foxes).

WPA

WoolProducers Australia

WSPA

World Society for the Protection of Animals

Zero susceptible species premises (ZP)

A ZP is a premises that does not contain any susceptible animals or risk products, wastes or things.

Zoning

The process of defining & maintaining disease-free or infected areas in accord with OIE guidelines, based on geopolitical boundaries, movement controls and surveillance, in order to facilitate trade and/or disease control.

Zoonosis

A disease of animals that can be naturally transmitted to humans.

 

 

 

Page reviewed: January 9, 2017